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Cindy Short and Sue Welch, editors
Table of Contents
ThreePart Series on The Basics
Part 3: Math
A. 5 Ways To Begin Teaching
Math to Your Young Child
B. 3 Elements of Teaching
Math
C. 12 Math Objectives
D. 6 Steps for Solving Story
Problems
E. 16 Online Math Resources
F. 8 Ways To Teach Higher
Math
Recommended Resources
"Under God": America's Spiritual Battle
ChristCentered Math (K4  1st)
Watkins Family Business
Pattern Central
MathUSee: ManipulativeBased K12 Math Curriculum
Digital Learning: Math Classes on DVD
Measure Match: Memory Game
Sunnyside Up: Humorous Anecdote
Greetings,
Along with our math basics in this issue are
some great math
resources including beginning math, manipulativebased math,
math classes on DVD, and a game to teach math measurements.
We trust that your family will enjoy learning
math together!
Cordially,
Pat, Sue, Heather, Holly, and Brian Welch
The Teaching Home is a 24yearold, homeschool family business.
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____________________________________________________
Editor's Note. Great for teaching our American Christian
heritage and preparing for Thanksgiving.
Stories of America's Spiritual
Battle
Told in New Book, Under God
by Toby Mac and Michael Tait with Wallbuilders
Using unforgettable accounts of both famous
and littleknown Americans, Under God tells the
stories of men and women of faith who forged
our nation. Against these stories of light, the
authors also examine the dark side of America's
legacy so that a new generation might seek God's face and avoid
repeating the sins of the past, for it is only under God that there
will truly be "liberty and justice for all."
http://www.undergodthebook.com
____________________________________________________
ThreePart Series on The Basics
Part 2: Math
The three Rs (Reading, 'Riting, and 'Rithmetic)
are basic
skills. They must be thoroughly mastered in order for children
to acquire, use, and communicate knowledge in other subjects.
These basics must also be constantly reviewed,
and used, so
that they are retained.
A. 5 Ways To Begin Teaching Math
to Your Young
Child
There are several steps you can take to help
your young
child make math a natural part of his everyday life.
1. Hearing Numbers
* Let your child hear you counting plates, making change,
comparing prices, and measuring, to show him
that math is
practical.
2. Saying Numbers
* After your child has heard you counting for some time,
have
him say the numbers with you.
* Later, teach your child to count by 2s, 3s, 5s, and 10s.
* Also, teach your child to count backwards.
3. Associating Numbers with Objects
* As you count blocks, help him touch each one.
* Pose a simple problem such as "There are four of us.
If
Grandma comes to lunch, how many plates do
we need?"
* Play games that involve counting, such as moving his
marker
in a board game.
4. Working with Numbers
* Let children help measure, double, or halve a recipe
while
cooking.
* Let children make, read, and/or follow a measured plan
for
constructing an item out of cloth, wood, beads,
paper, yarn, etc.
5. Studying Math
* Make math a priority in daily study, early in the day.
* Minimize distractions.
* Stay with your child as he works to help him over any
hurdles
in new concepts.
____________________________________________________
ChristCentered Math
(K4  1st). Visual, auditory, and handson.
Each new skill builds upon the previous instruction. Spiritually and
academically exciting! http://www.ChristCenteredCurriculum.com
Why not start your own Watkins
business? Excellent
products, residual income, great discount, fun family biz! Visit
http://www.tsginfo.com (code MR6296)
Low to no startup cost.
____________________________________________________
B. 3 Elements of Teaching Math
In order to teach math effectively and efficiently,
balance
these components of instruction:
1. Present Math Concepts
Use objects and situations encountered in
everyday life to
show both the need for math and how it works.
* Demonstrate number quantities, fractions, and math operations
using blocks, measuring tools, clocks, coins,
and other
purchased or homemade manipulatives.
* Continue to use concrete visual aids that involve seeing,
touching, and moving objects whenever possible
to introduce
new concepts (even in algebra and geometry).
2. Practice Math Mechanics
Practice the mechanics of math operations
and procedures
intensively until your child thoroughly masters them.
* While he is still young, have your child memorize and
review
the math facts (addition, subtraction, multiplication,
and
division) so that his recall is instantaneous.
These facts are
the foundation for success in any math
work.
* After your child masters a new concept and demonstrates
dependable accuracy, have him practice with
timed drills to
gradually increase his speed. This will
help him in both
practical application and in testing situations.
* Teach, practice, and review daily the basic math operation
skills (addition, subtraction, multiplication,
and division) in
the areas of whole numbers, fractions, decimals,
measurements, and (later) algebraic expressions.
3. Apply Math Skills
Apply math skills regularly in everyday situations
and
realistic story problems.
* Spend ample time and effort to make sure your child is
able
to use his math skills in practical ways.
____________________________________________________
Inventory Reduction Sale!
Buy one fashion pattern,
get one free, your choice.
Find over 450 Sewing, Craft,
Quilt, Crochet, Knitting,
and Embroidery Patterns. New patterns, and old ones
you loved to sew are available. Wholesale inquiries welcome.
http://patterncentral.com
____________________________________________________
C. 12 Math Objectives
These objectives of math education are considered
essential:
1. Problem Solving
Be able to choose which math skills and procedures
to use in
order to solve a problem and realize whether it could have
multiple or alternate solutions.
2. Communicating Mathematical Ideas
Be familiar with the language and notation
of mathematics.
3. Logical Reasoning
Make a hypothesis (tentative conclusion) and
understand that
even one counterexample (failure) disproves a hypothesis;
discriminate between valid and invalid arguments.
4. Applications
See how mathematics is applied by translating
everyday
situations into graphs, tables, diagrams, or mathematical
expressions and interpreting these; use of proportion, percent,
direct or inverse variation, and ratio.
5. Reasonableness
Always check to see if an answer makes sense.
6. Estimation
Be able to compute an estimated answer using
mental
arithmetic, and to decide how precise an answer needs to be in
a given situation.
7. Computational Skills
Be proficient in calculations with whole numbers,
decimals,
and fractions and be able to decide whether to solve a problem
mentally, on paper, or with a calculator.
8. Algebraic Thinking
Learn to use negative numbers, variables (represented
by
letters), equations, and formulas; observe how one quantity
changes in relation to another.
9. Measurement
Be able to understand and solve problems involving
time,
temperature, distance, weight, angles, area, and volume.
10. Geometry
Know terms such as "parallel," "perpendicular,"
"congruent,"
"similar," and "symmetrical."
11. Statistics
Understand "mean," "median," "mode," "range,"
and "deviation;"
know how to collect and organize data; know the uses and misuses
of statistics.
12. Probability
Learn basic principles of probability.
____________________________________________________
See and Understand
All Aspects of Math
with Manipulatives
MathUSee's complete awardwinning manipulativebased,
K12 math curriculum has been redesigned and improved! The
Introduction, Foundations, Intermediate, and Advanced levels have
been revised, reorganized, and expanded into eight levels: Primer,
Alpha, Beta, Gamma, Delta, Epsilon, Zeta, and PreAlgebra.
Algebra 1 & 2, Geometry, and Trigonometry are also available.
A very satisfied user says, "Steve Demme explains
concepts.
I wish he'd been my math teacher!"
See articles and sample pages at http://www.mathusee.com.
____________________________________________________
D. 6 Steps for Solving Story Problems
Because this skill is directly applicable
to everyday life,
it is important to teach your child the steps involved in solving
a story or a reallife problem.
1. Read
Read or define the problem; get a general
idea of what the
problem is about.
2. Draw
Draw a picture or diagram showing what you
know and/or list
and label everything in the problem; decide which given
information is important and what information you are looking
for.
3. Set Up
Set up an equation, or equations, containing
given information.
Use symbols that show relationships between known and unknown
quantities, and any applicable formulas. This most crucial
step requires familiarity with the language of math (e.g., 2 x 3
= x + 4 means that three less than twice a number is equal to four
more than the number; the formula: d = rt means that the distance
traveled is equal to the rate [speed] multiplied by the time traveled).
4. Solve
Solve the equation using math facts and operations.
5. Answer
Answer the original question presented by
the problem,
labeling all the quantities asked for in appropriate units.
6. Think
Think about your answer; be sure it make sense.
Sometimes
you can do a quick estimate with roundedoff numbers.
____________________________________________________
Video Class Room
Brings You
Math Classes on DVD
These videotaped lessons originated
at Bob Jones University, through the BJ
HomeSat service. Math courses include:
K7, PreAlgebra, Algebra 1 & 2, Geometry, and Precalculus.
Check out these and many more classes at
http://www.digitallearningnetwork.com
____________________________________________________
E. 16 Online Math Resources
General
http://www.math.com
http://www.gomath.com
http://www.superkids.com/aweb/tools/math
http://www.aaamath.com
http://www.aplusmath.com
Math and Aeronautics
http://www.planemath.com
Higher Math
http://www.math2.org/index.html
http://mathworld.wolfram.com
http://www.quickmath.com
Math Art Gallery & Games
http://www.math.kun.nl/knopen/art_gallery.html
http://www.coolmath.com
http://www.funbrain.comhttp://www.figurethis.org
Math Challenges
http://www.figurethis.org/challenges/math_index.htm
http://www.dupagechildrensmuseum.org/aunty/index.html
http://www.mathacademy.com/pr/index.asp
http://www.mathcounts.org
____________________________________________________
Measure Match: A New
Memory Game Teaches
Common Measurements
Simple and fun, this colorful card
deck contains 34 pairs of equivalent
time, length, weight, and volume
measurements. Optional levels for ages 4 and up.
Also learn colors, shapes, or words. $15 plus $3 S/H.
http://www.ImpresaPublishing.com
____________________________________________________
F. 8 Ways To Teach Higher Math
There are several options available for teaching
your child
higher math, whether or not you have learned it yourself.
1. Learn It Yourself First
As a mature and motivated adult, you may find
it quite
possible and enjoyable to learn several levels of higher math
such as algebra and geometry, and in a fraction of the time it
takes in high school.
2. Team Learning
You and your child can learn together, working
as a team and
helping each other over rough spots.
3. Independent Learning
Your child can study independently, using
texts that present
concepts clearly.
4. Correspondence or Online Courses
These add accountability and feedback to independent
study.
5. Coach
If your child needs immediate help, arrange
for him to call
on you, a friend, a tutor, or even another student who can
explain whatever he is stuck on.
6. Learning by Teaching
Have your child teach you or another student
what he is
learning. This will help him learn better.
7. Textbooks and Workbooks
In addition to a good, solid textbook, consider
using one or
more workbooks or texts from another source. Then if one does not
make sense to you on a specific topic, the other one might.
8. Video or Computer Programs
Math video courses that show a teacher presenting
concepts
to a class can help. Computer programs may also be valuable for
learning and/or practicing skills.
____________________________________________________
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____________________________________________________
Sunnyside Up: Mindless Math
As our 6yearold daughter was working out
math problems
with manipulative cubes, our 10yearold daughter said to her,
"I used those cubes when I was in 1st grade. I didn't use my mind
until I was in 3rd or 4th grade."
Submitted by Carol H., Florida.
____________________________________________________
God Loves You.
Because we have been separated from God by
sin, Jesus
Christ died in our place, then rose to life again. If we trust
Jesus
Christ as our Savior and Lord, He will give us eternal life.
"For by grace you have been saved through
faith; and that
not of yourselves, it is the gift of God; not as a result of
works, that no one should boast" (Ephesians 2:8, 9).
http://www.TeachingHome.com/about/Salvation.cfm
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